In Part 1, we talked about the problems in trying to hot reload a CH module.

Before talking about our progress, I would like to mention a few problems in plugins package. The plugins package is currently not maintained well and does not work correctly with all recent versions of ghc. Particularly, module loading does not work when a third party module is given as input on 64-bit architecture. load requires the dependency information for loading all the dependent modules in the correct order. This information is parsed from the .hi files created when a haskell module is compiled. I am not sure why it is unable to resolve objects in 64 bit architecture. Maybe the hi parsing code is broken for 64 bit architecture. So, it probably will only work on 32 bit architecture for now. I am testing the code on a 32-bit Vagrant VM. Let me know if you want the VM image for testing.

Also, in ghc-7.6, unload does not actually unload the object code. It has been fixed in ghc-7.8 by Simon Marlow for static builds.

In my previous post, I talked about the problem of doing an unload before a reload otherwise a reload won't really do a load. In ghc-7.6, an unload does not unload the Object code anyways. It simply removes the module from the list of currently loaded modules. And load checks whether a module is already loaded by looking at that list and does not reload if it already exists. Now, one way we could prevent changing the type of DynamicT to include a Module type as argument(which was a problem) is that we could simply call unload m just after we load it. The next call to load will work perfectly, the current load is still valid because unload didn't really unload the object code and we don't need to explicitly pass the module to reboot.

Now, it works except that it still executes the old version. The reboot function reloads the new version of code and simply returns. The return goes back to the old code(still in memory). This means that load can handle multiple versions of module in memory. But, instead of returning to the old version of code, we would want to start with the new version of code.

If you look at the type of load,

load :: FilePath->[FilePath]->[PackageConf]->Symbol->IO (LoadStatus a)

you can pass a symbol and when you evaluate the value associated with that symbol, you evaluate the code of that symbol (for example main).

One way to approach the problem would be the following. Instead of reboot just loading a new version of code and returning, we don't let reboot return. Instead we evaluate the new symbol.

If the symbol is main, we basically start from the beginning of the new version (main) and we can short-circuit all initialization if it's reboot instead of a boot. But we would need to pass all the state of the processes as well as their hidden state such as mailbox(CQueue) which would require lots of changes to the existing CH infrastructure.

If the symbol is instead "server", the process that we are upgrading, it should not type check because the type of reboot is IO() and the type of server is (a -> Process ()) but it does not give any type error. Any it runs perfectly with the old vesion of the code as if the call to server at the end of reboot has failed silently. I am not sure what is happening here.

If instead of evaluating server inside reboot, we could return the value to server and let the server call the new server, that would be ideal just like in erlang. But this does not look possible.

The type of reboot would be something like

reboot :: IO (Maybe a)

where a = DynamicT -> Process ()

The type of DynamicT is same as the type of reboot. So, the type of DynamicT becomes

type DynamicT = IO (Maybe (DynamicT -> Process ()) )

This gives a "Cycle in type synonym declarations" type error. Even if it type checked , calling the new server value from the old server code, might not magically lead to sharing of process state between the old and new "server".

Is there any hope to achieve erlang style ?MODULE:server call to simply switch to the new version in memory flawlessly (with access to old mailbox which is decoupled from the process in erlang) in Cloud Haskell? For now, it does not look like it would be possible without fundamentally ripping apart the Process state and radically changing the CH code.

Hot Code Reloading in Cloud Haskell?

We want to achieve message passing reliability as in case of Erlangduring a code upgrade. In an earlier post , we showed a simple test t...… Continue reading